The Significance of Adhik Mass in Hindu Culture


Adhik Mass, also known as Purushottam Maas or Purushottam Mahina, is an additional month in the Hindu lunar calendar that occurs once every few years. This month holds great significance for Hindus across the world, as it offers them an opportunity to deepen their spiritual practices and attain higher levels of devotion. In this article, we will explore the importance of Adhik Mass and the traditions associated with it.

The Occurrence of Adhik Mass:

Adhik Mass is typically added to the Hindu lunar calendar when the sun and moon do not align with the prescribed dates of various religious festivals and observances. This extra month helps to reconcile the solar and lunar calendars, ensuring that important religious rituals and ceremonies occur at their designated times. The decision to include Adhik Mass in a particular year is made by learned scholars well-versed in Vedic scriptures.

Spiritual Significance:

Adhik Mass is considered highly auspicious for spiritual practice and the attainment of enlightenment. It is believed that any religious or spiritual activity performed during this month yields manifold results compared to other months. Devotees take this opportunity to intensify their devotion, engage in additional prayers, perform acts of charity, and undertake various forms of penance.

Devotional Practices:

During Adhik Mass, devotees engage in a range of devotional practices to deepen their spiritual connection with the Supreme. This can include recitation of sacred texts like the Bhagavad Gita and the Ramayana, chanting of mantras and hymns, regular attendance of religious discourses, and participation in community service. Many spiritual organizations also organize special events and programs to encourage devotees in their spiritual journey.

Observance of Fasts:

Fasting is an integral part of Adhik Mass observances. Devotees undertake rigorous fasts to purify their bodies and minds, and to demonstrate their dedication to their chosen deities. Some devotees observe a complete fast, abstaining from all food and water, while others opt for partial fasts, abstaining from certain types of food or consuming only simple meals. Fasting is considered an act of self-control and surrender to the divine.

Auspicious Days and Festivals:

Adhik Mass is marked by several significant days and festivals that hold deep importance for Hindus. These include special celebrations dedicated to Lord Vishnu, such as Ekadashi, the eleventh day of the lunar calendar, and Purnima, the full moon day. In addition, festivals like Akshaya Tritiya and Ganga Dussehra are observed with great fervor during this auspicious month.


Adhik Mass is a unique period in the Hindu calendar that offers devotees an opportunity to enhance their spiritual journey. It serves as a reminder to dedicate oneself to religious observances, deepen one's devotion, and strive for spiritual growth. By following the practices associated with Adhik Mass, Hindus can experience a greater sense of connection with the divine and progress on their path to enlightenment.
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